Adams, B. et al. (2000). Humanoid Robots: A New Kind of Tool.

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In “Humanoid Robots: A New Kind of Tool”, Adams, B. et al. explain the workings and demands of a certain type of robots that is being created at MIT. When it comes to demands, there are two main conditions that these robots must satisfy: they must be able to function autonomously in a human, dynamic environment (1), and they must be able to interact socially with humans.

There are four social-interaction aspects that robots must have in order to be able to communicate well with humans:

1. Regulating social dynamics through an emotional model

2. Identifying saliency through shared attention

3. Acquiring feedback through speed prosody

4. Learning through imitation

Using their research and robots, Adams, B et al. tested four human-intelligence theories: Development of reaching and grasping Rhythmic movements Visual search and attention Shared attention and theory of mind